André Gomes begins a three-game ban creating a vacancy in central midfield that will be filled by either Morgan Schneiderlin or Tom Davies
Everton play their penultimate home game of the season this Sunday looking to bounce back from another disillusioning setback as Manchester United come to Goodison Park.
The Blues went to already-relegated Fulham last weekend seeking a fourth successive Premier League win but instead came away with a 2-0 defeat and, having managed just a single shot on target against one of the worst defences in the division, more recriminations from supporters ringing in their ears.
The result put a serious dent in Everton's aspirations around finishing seventh and possibly securing a shot at qualification for the Europa League but Marco Silva will be confident that if results go his side's way elsewhere, his team can still achieve that one remaining goal for the campaign.
They face a United team that has been resurgent under Ole Gunnar Solskjaer who was initially brought in as caretaker boss following the sacking of Jose Mourinho in December but has now been handed the reins on a permanent basis following a phenomenal run of results.
The Red Devils won eight straight games in all competitions following the Norwegian's appointment and didn't lose a League game for almost three months under his temporary stewardship. That saw a United emphatically pull away from the rest of the top flight to reaffirm the hegemony enjoyed by the “big six” over those coveted places at the top of the Premier League.
Indeed, they come into the weekend 18 points better off than Everton having played a game fewer and, sitting two points off Arsenal in fourth, they are still in the hunt for Champions League qualification.
According to SBD, though, now looks like a decent time to face Manchester United. Solskjaer's side are 5/4 away favourites against Everton (11/5) this weekend, having lost four straight away matches in all competitions, including defeat to Wolves and a comprehensive loss in Barcelona that ended their Champions League hopes for this year.
Everton, meanwhile, are unbeaten at Goodison Park since being beaten by Manchester City in February, with all three of those home games being against top-five teams. The Toffees were full value for their wins over Chelsea and Arsenal which is why last weekend's setback at Fulham was so perplexing — Silva looked to finally have his team playing to expectations.
Perhaps already considering changes to the team that started that horror show at Craven Cottage, the Portuguese will be without his compatriot André Gomes who begins a three-match ban, imposed retroactively based on video evidence of his stamp on Aleksandar Mitrovic's ankle in that game.
That creates a vacancy in central midfield that would, based on recent team selections, logically be filled by Morgan Schneiderlin but could also be given to Tom Davies who, having already skippered the side this season, enjoys a degree of confidence from his manager.
Gylfi Sigurdsson has been working through what Silva has described as a small issue in training this week but he is expected to play.
In central defence, it would be a surprise not to see Michael Keane reclaim his place based on Phil Jagielka's struggles last Saturday; the club captain kept his spot alongside Kurt Zouma after an excellent display against Arsenal but had an afternoon to forget against the lowly Cottagers.
A shortage of options up front will likely see Dominic Calvert-Lewin continue as the lone striker but another disappointingly ineffective outing from Richarlison could move Silva to bench him again and opt for a different approach wide on the right. That could mean another chance for Theo Walcott or if the boss is feeling particularly adventurous he could give Ademola Lookman a surprise start but continuity with Richarlison wide right could be the order of the day.
The prevailing feeling is that another high-profile occasion against a top-six side with the Goodison crowd behind them — not to mention the need to atone for a dreadful showing last time out — will provide the necessary impetus for Everton's players to put on another stirring performance and take another big scalp.
As Silva told the media during his pre-match press conference, United's more open approach could favour the Blues: “When teams play more closed against us, with more defensive organisation [is causes us problems].
"The Premier League is like that. You play one game against Arsenal, Tottenham, Man United, City or whatever and it's completely different to when you play Burnley or Fulham. It's up to us to prepare our squad deeply to be ready for all these games.”
In many ways, the players owe the supporters a reaction this weekend and with United coming off their travels and psychological setback in midweek, there's every incentive for them to do so.
Kick-off: 1:30pm, Sunday 21 April, 2019
Last Time: Everton 0 - 2 Manchester United
Predicted Line-up: Pickford, Coleman, Keane, Zouma, Digne, Gueye, Schneiderlin, Sigurdsson, Bernard, Richarlison, Calvert-Lewin
Reader Comments (113)
Note: the following content is not moderated or vetted by the site owners at the time of submission. Comments are the responsibility of the poster. Disclaimer
1 Posted 19/04/2019 at 15:58:31
Maybe Marco should read this.
Grim reading for us blues.
2 Posted 19/04/2019 at 16:02:57
However, its United on Sunday so attitudes shouldn't be an issue and I'm looking for a good win against a pretty average United team. I would probably pick the same team as Lyndon although Tom instead of Morgan would be as good. We do need to start taking our chances though and if we do then I'm looking at a 3 1 win. Optimistic maybe but we Evertonians are just that.
3 Posted 19/04/2019 at 16:19:09
4 Posted 19/04/2019 at 16:27:00
5 Posted 19/04/2019 at 16:33:19
6 Posted 19/04/2019 at 17:00:43
If you have the quality and don't do well then it's the manager, the coaching or the tactics that are blamed.
Manure have more quality without a doubt but on the day if Everton show up they could squeak a result like the Chelski or Arsenal games.
Everton could get seventh place but they should have gotten there last week and blew it big time.
The next few days will see some real pressure on Man. City as RS have two easy games at the right time and after the disappointment of getting ousted from the Champions league City could really be affected mentally against Spurs again and then Manure.
7 Posted 19/04/2019 at 17:07:25
8 Posted 19/04/2019 at 17:11:18
They'll be looking to bounce back with a win after the hiding Barca gave them so they'll have a strong side out. We have to respond with the strongest side we can. All we can do is hope the side that played Arsenal turn up and not the one that played Fulham.
9 Posted 19/04/2019 at 17:21:44
10 Posted 19/04/2019 at 17:21:57
Frank @8, I can rarely remember Schneiderlin ever having a decent game for us, besides he has not even been on the bench recently, so can't see him being preference over tom Davies.
11 Posted 19/04/2019 at 17:29:57
12 Posted 19/04/2019 at 17:44:01
13 Posted 19/04/2019 at 18:07:09
14 Posted 19/04/2019 at 18:09:53
A good test for Silva and this team. United are no great shakes currently and were lucky to beat West Ham last weekend. I foresee a cagey, tight affair and I have a strange, undeservedly optimistic feeling that this might be the first occasion we come from behind to win a match. Fingers crossed.
15 Posted 19/04/2019 at 18:19:41
16 Posted 19/04/2019 at 18:34:13
17 Posted 19/04/2019 at 18:56:34
18 Posted 19/04/2019 at 19:06:13
19 Posted 19/04/2019 at 19:43:57
For me as much as I like Tom Davies, potential still to be realised and for him to believe in himself on the park, but in my opinion, against United, Id start with Schneids, as hes more experienced and will help keep possession better than Tom.
But thats a trade off with offensive play, so would negate goal scoring options, unless Schneids, gets his Cardiff passing book, out and remembers what to do.
Without Gomes we lose direction, intensity, passing and potential goal scorer. And Gomes has played better against the better placed teams, this season.
After last week, hopefully the team has looked themselves in the mirror and will be committed and will see this as a chance to salvage this season and beat one of the top six, and beat them well.
For some players in this squad it could be their last chance at EFC. All in all, looking forward to the game but, I hope we win by hook or crook.
Our run in is very tough, and we need momentum to attack, this preseason, which, is huge bearing the transition plans of our great club.
20 Posted 19/04/2019 at 20:25:05
21 Posted 19/04/2019 at 21:05:15
22 Posted 19/04/2019 at 22:49:58
The thing is with these sort of players, how consistent can they be, he must be about 29 now.
23 Posted 20/04/2019 at 02:59:22
I don't care who replaces the idiot Gomes, I don't care if we get hammered 5-0, I don't care if Liverpool become champions of the world... I just don't care!
24 Posted 20/04/2019 at 05:01:52
No wait, don't tell me, cos I don't care!
25 Posted 20/04/2019 at 05:57:11
26 Posted 20/04/2019 at 06:05:01
27 Posted 20/04/2019 at 07:10:05
Long-term, I would put stands in Finch Farm so that the long-suffering fans can help with motivation, which is often lacking.
28 Posted 20/04/2019 at 07:32:39
It would be a good idea to play McCarthy. He would be possibly the best replacement for Gomes. Silva has had the chance to give a run out before but he didn't take it and I think he will err on the side of caution, so knows who he will select.
29 Posted 20/04/2019 at 07:43:26
He's head & shoulders above Schneiderlein. Maybe the recuperation time will have sorted all the other nigglying injuries. Surely we're not going to let him depart without seeing if this is the case. I don't understand why Silva didn't loan him out of at least play him in the U23s.
30 Posted 20/04/2019 at 08:20:33
As has been mentioned on here many a time we never get the full story or picture of what is going on. I always dread the thought of Schneiderlin being on the bench or even worse, in the starting eleven. I would rather have the groundsman there than him.
31 Posted 20/04/2019 at 08:56:30
I think it was Alan Shearer last week on Five live who said it is easy to keep momentum in a game if you start off at a quick tempo, but it is very difficult to increase the tempo if you start off slow.
We have seen this demonstrated by Man City away at Spurs – the mindset was to keep things tight and stay in the game. They never could get going when they needed to up the ante. So even the best side in the Premier League is prone to such errors.
We need to be at their throats from the off and if we get one, we need to go and get another.
32 Posted 20/04/2019 at 09:16:55
33 Posted 20/04/2019 at 10:22:22
Given that we have little to play for (or lose) this season (depending on your personal take on Uefa qualification), I think he should be given a chance. One of the next couple of matches in Gomes' absence would be ideal even if only off the bench - for at least 30 mins - and at the very least it would give us a chance to see him, and maybe give him some of the appreciation that he deserves as a servant to us for the last 4 years.
34 Posted 20/04/2019 at 11:20:29
Fulham who were down and out or and didn't need a result, and coming off 8 successive defeats, got one anyway.
Maybe one Resurrection tomorrow could lead to another and the blues get some solace after last weeks horror show.
35 Posted 20/04/2019 at 11:20:58
Certainly the top German clubs are scouting the best youngsters in English football and are having some success in doing it. Lookman flourished with Leipzig and Jadon Sanchez has forced his way into a very good England side with his performances for Bayern. Something he wouldnt have been able to do had he stayed with Man City, as Phil Foden is finding out trying to get a game with City is very difficult. But if you are at a club who can buy the worlds best thats what happens.
So Marco and Marcel be true to your word and start using the younger players for our last 4 games.
36 Posted 20/04/2019 at 12:26:41
On the first point, I believe we must trust the judgement of our management team who, I suspect, don't consider him fit enough to play – they know better than any of us do.
This takes me to the second point – apart from the fact I do not see the connection between the word "servant" and a multi-millionaire professional footballer, I think you need only look at James's playing stats in the 6 years since we signed him – 107 games for us but 32 for RoI... that shows me where his ultimate loyalties lie. I know he sustained his leg break playing for us but the majority of his injury problems stem from his desire to represent his (father's?) country.
I know this sounds harsh and some will disagree but, if he is not fit, he should not be picked whether or not some would like to give him a sentimental one-off.
37 Posted 20/04/2019 at 12:30:52
38 Posted 20/04/2019 at 12:56:44
The crowd could play a big part once again, I just hope the players are up for this one, unlike last week when most of them had a day off! COYB.
39 Posted 20/04/2019 at 14:05:13
40 Posted 20/04/2019 at 14:25:35
41 Posted 20/04/2019 at 14:34:29
42 Posted 20/04/2019 at 14:46:51
I think if Silva trusted/rated McCarthy and Lookman, he'd play them. Can't see either of them being here next season.
43 Posted 20/04/2019 at 14:49:23
44 Posted 20/04/2019 at 15:10:23
45 Posted 20/04/2019 at 15:11:08
46 Posted 20/04/2019 at 15:11:34
See you tomorrow mate, looking forward to it!
47 Posted 20/04/2019 at 15:14:59
I realised I'd never been so wrapped up in a team that wasn't Everton since the 1970 England v Germany WC. I was kicking or heading every ball
I was even thinking "get to 75mins lads" then 80 etc
48 Posted 20/04/2019 at 15:16:40
Manure are in the middle of their own blip with 5 defeats in the last 8 games. They are beatable if we turn up.
49 Posted 20/04/2019 at 15:26:45
As far as finishing 7th is concerned I'm not a fan of Europa, so I'm not fussed if we finish 8th.
There's two ways of looking at the competition I know and it does give us an outside chance of the Champions League, but on balance I'd sooner give it a miss.
Its a chicken and the egg situation the very best players wont sign for us unless we are in the Champions League, but we need the very best players to qualify!
50 Posted 20/04/2019 at 15:34:46
51 Posted 20/04/2019 at 15:45:05
52 Posted 20/04/2019 at 16:06:59
You make a good point too regarding McCarthy and his ROI stats. Ireland (in collusion with the player himself) have wheeled him into action any time both his legs were in one piece. The fact he was called up for the recent games, and unused, suggests to me that Mick McCarthy felt he was well short of fitness and or form. It is not as if Ireland have a plethora of great players at this time.
53 Posted 20/04/2019 at 16:13:08
"Loyal" is a funny word too for a bloke who is Scottish, but plays for the Republic of Ireland on that basis that ONE of his grandparents was born in NORTHERN Ireland, and who having already represented the Republic at youth level said he would be happy to switch to Scotland if they called him up.
54 Posted 20/04/2019 at 16:23:58
We require a performance akin to the home game against Arsenal, constant tempo, passion, quick movement with the ball and hopefully a far greater clinical edge than we have witnessed in the last few games.
We must be due a win against United, when was the last one, April 2015?
55 Posted 20/04/2019 at 16:41:53
56 Posted 20/04/2019 at 16:44:19
We can thank Koeman for Deulofeus exile and the fact he was replaced by Bolasie at £27 million, what looked a good decision back then now looks completely berserk!
Hindsight though is a wonderful thing, although what it does show is sometimes fans can be far too quick to judge and rule players out.
57 Posted 20/04/2019 at 16:46:07
58 Posted 20/04/2019 at 16:52:28
59 Posted 20/04/2019 at 16:56:09
60 Posted 20/04/2019 at 16:56:46
I take your point about Martinez but McCarthy hasn't helped himself by making himself available for RoI anytime he wasn't on crutches!
61 Posted 20/04/2019 at 16:59:34
Of course, we have to win our own games.
62 Posted 20/04/2019 at 17:05:04
63 Posted 20/04/2019 at 17:05:32
Scant consolation I know, but Fulham have just beaten Bournemouth away, another unpredicted result by most people I think. At least it doesn't make our result against them look like a one-off!
You have to feel for the Fulham fans, after the official relegation, their team start playing and getting results.
COY Bluebirds too!
64 Posted 20/04/2019 at 17:44:44
65 Posted 20/04/2019 at 18:25:07
66 Posted 20/04/2019 at 18:34:32
67 Posted 20/04/2019 at 18:40:19
68 Posted 20/04/2019 at 18:45:27
69 Posted 20/04/2019 at 19:17:36
70 Posted 20/04/2019 at 19:22:19
The team must make up for last weeks performance and I see beating Burnley at home, as tough if not tougher for this Everton, team, hence a win and Europa League football is still a possibility.
Hopefully Watford will go off the boil and focus on their FA Cup Final.
I was cutting the lawn today listening to the City game on BBC5 Live. Thats my way of trying to ensure the RS, dont get to win the EPL.
Praying for an EFC victory v Manure and for the RS, to get done by Niasse and Cardiff. Lets hope the officials are clean for the Cardiff game.
Happy Easter to all Evertonians!
71 Posted 20/04/2019 at 21:01:34
First of all my daughter crashed her car into a hedge, fortunately she is fine but the car was a bit of a mess.
Next my ex dog (went to live with my ex missus when we split up 6 years ago) had to be put to sleep, I missed the dog more than the ex and I used to look after her at holiday times.
Then my ex told me she needed an operation to remove a tumour. This had quite an effect on my 17 year old daughter as you can imagine. Also affected me more than I anticipated (we were together for 19 years before splitting up).
Next my cat of 13 years went missing and has not come back 2 weeks later.
My daughter got herself arrested and although it has been sorted out the whole scenario of her spending a night in the cells was stressful to say the least and has had some knock on effects.
Finally, I had to drop out of the get together tomorrow.
So, sorry to pour out my recent troubles but looking for some relief and hoping the blues will provide it tomorrow.
Also, I have a ticket for the Palace game so got that to look forward to.
72 Posted 20/04/2019 at 21:14:23
73 Posted 20/04/2019 at 21:17:29
74 Posted 20/04/2019 at 22:05:06
Sorry to hear about your recent bad luck, pal. But take solace in the fact the lads and lasses on here will wish you nothing but the best.
I lost the old man in January and the messages of sympathy I got on here moved me. It really did. We might disagree sometimes but ToffeeWebbers are the most kindest and loveliest people I've never met.
Hope the lads' meeting up in the Excelsior have a great day tomorrow. I would love to have gone but always have a family get together at Easter. COYB
75 Posted 20/04/2019 at 22:13:56
76 Posted 20/04/2019 at 22:18:09
77 Posted 20/04/2019 at 22:29:53
Hope everything works out for you- keep smiling!
78 Posted 20/04/2019 at 22:32:56
79 Posted 20/04/2019 at 22:45:20
No shame in losing to Fulham? We were abysmal and mustered one shot, on target, in 96 minutes. It was a complete and utter failure to compete.
I agree that improvements can come about by chance, or accident (Robson's injury in the World Cup etc) but Gomes will not be one of them. For £30m he'd be an absolute steal.
80 Posted 20/04/2019 at 22:46:03
81 Posted 20/04/2019 at 22:50:12
82 Posted 20/04/2019 at 23:37:05
83 Posted 20/04/2019 at 23:45:34
84 Posted 20/04/2019 at 23:56:16
85 Posted 21/04/2019 at 00:31:49
Kieran #64, actually Geri didn't improve until this season. He was as disappointing with Milan, Barca and last season with Watford as he had been with us. He did finally "get it" this year, but whether he would have ever reached this point with Everton -- and whether it would have been worth waiting for -- will forever remain unknown.
86 Posted 21/04/2019 at 00:43:19
Life, family, football are all interlinked but family comes first, and there will be rays of hope on the horizon, very soon, for you and the family.
Starting lunch time well hopefully beat United and hopefully Cardiff, will do a good job, as well. The will of all TWrs is for an up turn starting on Easter Sunday, so its hopefully, gonna be a good day, for us all.
All my best and you will come out of this storm, stronger.
Everyday, is a good day, as we know as Evertonians, stuck in pergatory.
Hopefully, EFC, will come back at lunchtime.
87 Posted 21/04/2019 at 00:57:37
Its only words, but its kept me going through the journey of life.
That plus hope eternal and keeping the Everton lineage going and never giving up.
Life will pick up ma8, and today, it will hopefully be a great day for us, we beat Manure, and the RS, get beat, and family matters start turning.
Keep going and never give up.
88 Posted 21/04/2019 at 06:56:54
Obviously not worth a big bet, but a couple of quid would pay for a round in the Excelsior tonight if it were to happen.
I never felt more like singing the Blues, when Everton win and Liverpool lose
89 Posted 21/04/2019 at 07:05:10
90 Posted 21/04/2019 at 07:10:30
91 Posted 21/04/2019 at 08:07:24
92 Posted 21/04/2019 at 08:14:30
However, Gerry at #39 makes the point I was trying to make rather more succinctly than myself. I would never countenance playing someone simply out of loyalty. We simply haven't had the opportunity to see how Macca would dovetail (or otherwise) into the current line up, and one of the next couple of games might offer us that at no particular risk to the season's end result.
My comment about at least giving him a bit of appreciation if he did make it on to the pitch was simply to acknowledge his time with us. I know he's not everyone's cup of tea but he's put in some good shifts, let's be fair, and it is a shame to see any "hired hands" (nods to Andy Crooks) just disappear.
93 Posted 21/04/2019 at 08:29:39
94 Posted 21/04/2019 at 08:48:23
95 Posted 21/04/2019 at 09:08:48
96 Posted 21/04/2019 at 09:31:59
There can be no excuses for the Fulham display. It wasn't a question of us being as good as the opposition allowed us to be. We were abysmal from the first minute, when Pickford slammed the ball into Jags and we nearly conceded an OG, to the 98th
It was one of the worst Everton performances I've seen in over 60 years and I've seen quite a few! We were piss poor all over the pitch.
Fulham just had to turn up. It really was that bad. Even the announcement of 8 minutes added time didn't spark any sort of reaction.
97 Posted 21/04/2019 at 10:13:24
The City is waking, covered in slight mist, grey but slips of golden sunlight touching its cheeks - - The River glistening like a line of silver ink from the quill of a writer.
I am in a rush this morning - - have to get ready now and walk up for the Bus under The Water - - want to see my friends in TDH and then get on to The Excelsior after the game.
Let it roll
You got me reelin' and a-rockin'
Sunday morning - - Two Way Family Favourites - - PO Box 40 - - breakfast after 10.00 o clock mass in St Alphonsus - - new clothes on today - - Easter Sunday - - normally went to the game on Easter Monday - - in the early 60s it was Home and Away to the “local” NW Teams - - so much for modern technology.
Once I walked with Gosia in Gdansk - -an area full of high rise flats and concrete - - but I was in love - - we walked past the grey concrete into an overgrown park - - grass 5 or 6 foot high - - trees bent and full - - the gates rusty and hanging off the hinges - - I walked through the entrance with Gosia and I asked what the word on the gate said - - “The Valley of Happiness” - - she whispered.
“The summer breeze was blowin' on your face
Within your violet you treasure your summery words
And as the shiver from my neck down to my spine
Ignited me in daylight and nature in the garden
And you went into a trance
Your childlike vision became so fine
And we heard the bells inside the church
We loved so much
And felt the presence of the youth of
Eternal summers in the garden”
Just filling my head with wonderment and then off - - see you later:
Rave on down through time and space down through the corridors
Rave on words on printed page
Rave on, you left us infinity
And well pressed pages torn to fade
Drive on with wild abandon
Uptempo, frenzied heels
Rave on, Walt Whitman, nose down in wet grass
Rave on fill the senses
On nature's bright green shady path
Rave on Omar Khayyam, Rave on Kahlil Gibran
Oh, what sweet wine we drinketh
The celebration will be held
We will partake the wine and break the Holy bread
Rave on let a man come out of Ireland
Rave on on Mr. Yeats,
Rave on down through the Holy Rosey Cross
Rave on down through theosophy, and the Golden Dawn
Rave on through the writing of A Vision
Rave on, Rave on, Rave on, Rave on, Rave on, Rave on
Rave on John Donne, rave on thy Holy fool
Down through the weeks of ages
In the moss borne dark dank pools
Rave on, down though the industrial revolution
Empiricism, atomic and nuclear age
Rave on words on printed page
Later today we will meet up - - some of us TWebbers in the aptly named Excelsior - - looking forward to it and have to go now or will be late.
Life is divided into three terms - that which was, which is, and which will be. Let us learn from the past to profit by the present, and from the present, to live better in the future.
Up The Blues - - Cosmic grooves floating Over The River - - touching the water to cool you off on this hot day - - Rave On You Blue Men.
With a firm handshake - - your friend - - George
98 Posted 21/04/2019 at 10:29:08
Bobby #95, cheers it definitely felt better to put things into writing as it were!
99 Posted 21/04/2019 at 10:31:56
100 Posted 21/04/2019 at 10:54:56
I didnt see your post up there. Breath in a little of what George is dishing out mate.
Dig in, things'll get better
101 Posted 21/04/2019 at 11:09:57
George #97, wonderful stuff as always - you have a fantastic talent with words.
102 Posted 21/04/2019 at 11:10:51
Maybe he doesn't want to see 60 grand 60 grand Seamus Coleman.
103 Posted 21/04/2019 at 11:37:39
104 Posted 21/04/2019 at 12:26:06
Was going to ask him his best ever goal for us...oh wait.
105 Posted 21/04/2019 at 12:31:29
106 Posted 21/04/2019 at 12:31:54
107 Posted 21/04/2019 at 12:37:45
108 Posted 21/04/2019 at 12:46:00
109 Posted 21/04/2019 at 12:51:59
Losing Gomes is a huge blow though, as Marco plans his whole gameplan through him.
Also concerning that Lukaku plays. As we know, he vanishes like snow in June for the big games, but put him up against midtable cannon fodder and he normally weighs in with four before lunch
110 Posted 21/04/2019 at 12:53:07
111 Posted 21/04/2019 at 12:55:00
Up the Blues!!!!!
112 Posted 21/04/2019 at 13:11:17
113 Posted 21/04/2019 at 13:12:15
Put me usual tenner on the Blues but only because PP is refunding my stake if Man Utd win!
Add Your Comments
In order to post a comment, you need to be logged in as a registered user of the site.
Or Sign up as a ToffeeWeb Member — it's free, takes just a few minutes and will allow you to post your comments on articles and Talking Points submissions across the site.